How to Solve 3X3 Rubik’s



R :- Turn the right layer clockwise

R’ :- Turn the right layer counter-clockwise

R2 :- Turn the right layer two times

L :- Turn the left layer counter-clockwise

L’ :- Turn the left layer clockwise

U :- Turn the top layer clockwise

U’ :- Turn the top layer counter-clockwise

U2 :- Turn the top layer 2 times

D :- Turn the bottom layer counter-clockwise

D’ :- Turn the bottom layer clockwise

D2 :- Turn the bottom layer 2 times

F :- Turn the front layer clockwise

F’ :- Turn the front layer counter-clockwise

F2 :- Turn the front layer 2 times

B :- Turn the back layer counter-clockwise B’ :- Turn the back layer clockwise

B2 :- Turn the back layer 2 times

Easy steps solving Technique Make cross

1. Always move the top layer to match colors.

2. If you can’t match the edge from one side then try from another.

3. Chose the base color (any of six)

1st Layer:- Match the other two colors in the corner except for {choose color}

2nd Layer:- Always move the top layer to match colors.

Top Cross:- Put the right two edges on your right side and backside.

Corners:- Put the unsolved corner on your front right side. Do the algorithm until the Final color is on top.



Top Cross:-

F (R U R’ U’) F’

R U R’ U R U2 R’

Matching The Corners :-

U R U’ L’ UR’ U’ L

(R’ D’ R D) (R’ D’ R D)

SPSS Defining Variables with Examples

SPSS Defining Variables with 17 Different Examples

Defining a variable includes giving it a name, specifying its type, the values the variable can take (e.g., 1, 2, 3), etc. Without this information, your data will be much harder to understand and use. Whenever you are working with data, it is important to make sure the variables in the data are defined so that you (and anyone else who works with the data) can tell exactly what was measured, and how.

SPSS Measurement scale

Types of scales

1. #Nominal A nominal scale represent lower level of Measurement

2. #Ordinal An ordinal scale of measurement represents an ordered series of relationships or rank order


Qn.5 In your view, coffee is best than Tea . प्र. न. ४ तपाईंको विचारमा, चिया भन्दा कफि उत्तम हो। 
Strongly Disagree (अति असहमत )=1 
Neither agree nor disagree ( न सहमत न असहमत)=3 
Agree (सहमत)=4 
Strongly Agree (अति सहमत ) =5

3. #Interval

4. #Ratio


Basic Environment of SPSS

Part 2 SPSS Basic Environment v26

1.1 General functions: In the upper area Menu bar (“File”, “Edit” and so on) In the lower-left corner, two tabs are available: Data View and Variable View. File types (SPSS uses three types of files) Type Extension Content Data set .sav Data and variables Syntax .sps Commands and comments Output .spv Results

1.2 Variable view In Variable View, different columns are displayed.

1.3 Creating a new data set

1.4 Data view Once the structure of the data set is determined, it is time to take a look at Data View. Access this view by clicking on the tab named Data View in the lower-left corner.

1.5 Syntax:  The #syntax is presented in a new window called IBM SPSS #Statistics Syntax Editor. Note that the Menu bar is very similar to the one available through Data View and Variable View. In order words, you do not always have to go back to Data View or Variable View to access the Menu bar.

1.6 Output Everything you order in SPSS (e.g. #graphs, tables, or analyses) ends up in a window called #Output.


SPSS V26 Software

SPSS V26 Software

SPSS, which stands for statistical package for the social sciences, is an application that can aid in quantitative data handling. The importance of this software, especially to the students of Social Science, is of no bound. Before SPSS, researchers had to run statistical tests on data sets by hand. However, SPSS automates this process. Not only does SPSS allow us to run statistical tests, but we can also use SPSS for other purposes as well. The importance of SPSS is as following.